Allama Dr Muhammad Iqbal (November 9, 1877–April
21, 1938) was born at Sialkot (Pakistan). He was Shiekh by
caste. His father Shiekh Noor Muhammad, was a mystic from whom
Iqbal inherited mysticism and deep love for religion.
He got his school and college education from Sialkot. He
received his early education at local high school and passed
Intermediate Examination from Murrey College. He got his B.A.
and M.A. from Government College Lahore. He got Gold Medal in
M.A. Philosophy from University of the Punjab. During his
studies, his personality was influenced by Maulvi Mir Hasan (one
of his school teachers) and Prof. Arnold (his teacher of
philosophy at Government College Lahore and later at Cambridge).
Iqbal started his career as Reader (a teaching grade below
professorship) in Arabic at Government College Lahore. During
this time he wrote a first ever book on Islamic economics in
Urdu. By the time he was a popular poet in the literary circles
Iqbal Stayed in Europe from 1903 to 1907 for higher studies. He
studied at Cambridge (England) and Munich (Germany). Finally he
got his PhD degree from Munich University. The title of his
Development of Metaphysics in Persia".
Once, during his stay in Europe Iqbal decided to stop saying
poetry in Urdu at all and to say in Persian only. Because there
were ready made compound words in Persian and it was much easier
to describe one's
thoughts in Persian as compared with Urdu. On the request of
some Muslim Scholars, he refrain from doing so. He also did
barrister during his stay at Europe.
After his return to Lahore, he was an advocate at Lahore High
Court. Now he was a very popular poet. In the fund raising
public meetings of the charity Anjuman-e Himaeyat-e Islam, his
were sold as high as Rs. 50/- per copy.
Iqbal in his political career, joined All India Muslim League.
He asserted that the only solution of the problem of the Indian
Muslim was a separate Muslim State. This was the first demand
for Pakistan. He also participated two out of three round table
conferences at London. In 1930 he presided over the Annual
Convention of All India Muslim League in Allah Abad. In his
famous presidential address he told the nation that he is seeing
a muslim rule in the muslim majority areas soon to be
established. This is also known as the dream of Iqbal, which
became reality as Pakistan in 1947.
Iqbal died in Lahore on April the 21st, 1938, after an illness
of about four months. He is buried near the footsteps of the
Badshahi Mosque Lahore. His desire was that his age should not
be more than the age of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH).
His Poems please the young and the old alike. They give
us the message of hope and success. Seeing the Mulsims in
slavery, he was much pained. He has expressed the same sorrow in
his verses. A major Urdu and Persian
writer and poet, while at the same time being credited as a
major force behind the creation of Pakistan. He incited them
with his verses. He gave them the idea of a separate homeland. He is posthumously
revered in Pakistan as Muffakir-e-Pakistan (The Thinker of
Pakistan) or Shair-i-Mashriq (The Poet of the East).At that
time, the people called it'the
dream of the mad man'.
But Quaid-e-Azam converted it into a reality. The philosophy of
self-realization is the gist of his poetry. His famous books
These books have been translated into many other languages.
He was deeply interest in religion. He delivered six lectures at
Mardras, which ware later published under the title
of Religious Thought in Islam'.
Cheh Baa-eyad Kard ai Aqwaam-e Sharq
genius was fully recognized by his nation in his life time. He
was immensely popular among all sections of the Muslims. His
poetry is as fresh even today as it was at that time. All sorts
of people --Politicians, mystics, journalists and students-- cam
to him for guidance and inspiration.
kabi parwaz se tak kar nahi girta
"Shaheen say matlab aik Muslim
ladke say hai"
lahoo hai badan mein tu khoof hai na haras
lahoo hai badan mein tu dil hai be waswaas
Jesay mila ye mat-e-garaan baha us ko!
sem-o-zar se muhabbat hai na ghum-e-aflaas
Mujhe daraa nahi sakti fia ki tareeki
sarshat mein paki-o-darkhashaani
Aay musafir-e-shab, khud cheraagh ban apna
apni raat ko Dagh-e-jigar se Noorani
Khird ke paas khabar ke siwa kuch aur nahi
ilaaj nazar ke siwa kuch aur nahi
makaam se aage makaam hai tera
Hayat zoq-e-safar ke siwa kuch aur nahi
Giraaan baha hai tu hifz-e-khudi se hai warna
Gohar mein aab-e-gohar ke siwa kuch aur nahi
Tu abi Rah-e-guzar mein hai Qaid-e-makaam se guzar
Misar-o-hijaaz se guzar, paares-o-sham se guzar
Jis ka amal hai Begard us ki jaza kuch aur hai
Hur-o-khayam se guzar, baadh-o-jaam se guzar
Tera imaam Be-huzoor, teri namaz Be-suroor
Aisi namaz se guzar, aisa imaam se guzar
Sitaroon se agay jahan aur bhi hai
Abhi ishq ke imtihaan aur bhi hai
Keenaat na kar alam-e-rango bu par
Chaman aur bhi, aashyaan aur bhi hai
Agar kho gaya ek nasheman to kia ghum
Makamat-e-aho faza aur bhi hai
shaheen hai parwaaz hai kaam tera
Tere samne aasma aur bhi hai
Isi Roze sham mein ulaj kar na rehe ja
tere zamano makaan aur bhi hai
Gaye din ke tanha tha mein anjuman mein
Yaha ab mere razdaan aur bhi hai
Muhabbat ka janoon baki nahi hai
Muslamano mein khoon baki nahi hai
safaen kaj, dil pareshan, sajda bezook
jazba-e-androon baki nahi hai
Ragoon mein lahoo baki nahi hai
woh dil, woh awaaz baki nahi hai
Yeh sub baki hai, tu baki nahi hai
ho muslim haram ki pasbani ke lea
ke sahil se lay kar tab-khaak ka shaghar
Butoon se tujh ko umeedein, khuda se na umeedi
mujhe batta tu hi aur kafiri kia hai?
pani kar gai mujh ko kalander ki ye baat
jukah jab ghair ke agay na man tera na tan
Khudi ko kar bulan itna ke har takdeer se pehle
se khud pooche, bata teri razaa kia hai?
Aza-eem ko seenay mein bedaar kar de
Nagah muslam ko talwaar kar
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